- Authors: Jensen N., Jansen I., Kamper M., Jakobs S.
- Title: Reversibly Switchable Fluorescent Proteins for RESOLFT Nanoscopy
- Journal: Nanoscale Photonic Imaging;Topics Applied Physics
- Volume: 134
- Volume: 241-261
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-34413-9_9
Reversibly Switchable Fluorescent Proteins for RESOLFT Nanoscopy | SpringerLink // // //
Diffraction-limited lens-based optical microscopy fails to discern fluorescent features closer than ∼ ∼ // 200 nm. All super-resolution microscopy (nanoscopy) approaches that fundamentally overcome the diffraction barrier rely on fluorophores that can adopt different states, typically a fluorescent ‘on-’state and a dark, non-fluorescent ‘off-’state. In reversible saturable optical linear fluorescence transitions (RESOLFT) nanoscopy, light is applied to induce transitions between two states and to switch fluorophores on and off at defined spatial coordinates. RESOLFT nanoscopy relies on metastable reversibly switchable fluorophores. Thereby, it is particularly suited for live-cell imaging, because it requires relatively low light levels to overcome the diffraction barrier. Most implementations of RESOLFT nanoscopy utilize reversibly photoswitchable fluorescent proteins (RSFPs), which are derivatives of proteins from the green fluorescent protein (GFP) family. In recent years, analysis of the molecular mechanismsReversibly Switchable Fluorescent Proteins for RESOLFT Nanoscopy | SpringerLink // // // of the switching processes have paved the way to a rational design of new RSFPs with superior characteristics for super-resolution microscopy. In this chapter, we focus on the newly developed RSFPs, the light-driven switching mechanisms and the use of RSFPs for RESOLFT nanoscopy.