- Authors: Neumann D., Buckers J., Kastrup L., Hell S.W., Jakobs S.
- Title: Two-color STED microscopy reveals different degrees of colocalization between hexokinase-I and the three human VDAC isoforms
- Journal: PMC Biophysics
- Volume: 3
- DOI: 10.1186/1757-5036-3-4
Two synthetic peripheral nerve myelin P0 protein peptides, an immunodominant (amino acids 180-199) and a cryptic (amino acids 56-71) one, induced an acute or chronic course of experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) in Lewis rats, when given at low dose (50-100 microg/rat) or high dose (250 microg/rat), respectively. Corresponding to the different clinical course, pathological changes and immune responses were found: (1) Onset of clinical signs of P0 peptide 56-71 (P0 56-71) induced EAN was 1-3 days later than in P0 peptide 180-199 (P0 180-199) induced EAN at all immunizing doses, whereas the peak of the disease occurred at a similar time point post immunization (p.i.), i.e. at days 14-16 p.i. in P0 56-71 induced EAN and at day 16 p.i. in P0 180-199 induced EAN. (2) Intramolecular epitope spreading as assessed by delayed type hypersensitivity response occurred in P0 56-71 induced EAN at both low and high antigen doses and in P0 180-199 induced EAN at high antigen dose (250 microg/rat) only. (3) P0 180-199 stimulated higher levels of interferon-gamma production in P0 180-199 induced EAN than in P0 56-71 induced EAN and vice versa. (4) Histopathologic evaluation revealed a similar grade of mononuclear cell infiltration in the sciatic nerves of both types of EAN, but more severe demyelination was found in P0 180-199 induced EAN compared to P0 56-71 induced EAN. The results support the hypothesis that high dose autoantigen immunization induces extensive determinant spreading and chronic course of autoimmune diseases.